Pluralism critiques elite theory assumptions of a cohesive capitalist class according to pluralism, the capitalist class is not unified however, as explained by class theory, class unity is not necessary for elite interests to be achieved. Interest group and elite theories the theory is also called pluralism because there are many groups elite theory believes that a wealthy elite runs the united states the economic elite consists of the same people as the political elite (wealth equals power) the elite exerts power downward on the masses.
This belief is called the elite theory of government in contrast to that perspective is the pluralist theory of government, which says that political power rests with competing interest groups who share influence in government. Elite pluralism elite pluralists agree with classical pluralists that there is plurality of power however, this plurality is not pure as some people and groups have more power than others while pluralism as a political theory of the state and policy formation gained its most traction during the 1950s and 1960s in america,. Social power theories: pluralist, power-elite & marxist models the first region we come to operates on the pluralist model pluralism is a theory that centers on the idea of how power is.
Pluralist theory a theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies elite theory. This is a system where elite remain over and above the rest of the population and power to control the country remains concentrated in the hands of the elite pluralism decision making is based upon participation, and discussion and views of all are heard before arriving at a decision that is acceptable to the majority of the population. Pluralist theory the theoretical point of view held by many social scientists which holds that american politics is best understood through the generalization that power is relatively broadly (though unequally) distributed among many more or less organized interest groups in society that compete with one another to control public policy, with some groups tending to dominate in one or two.
“elite theory is a theory of the state which seeks to describe and explain the power relationships in contemporary society” elite theory is essentially an antonym to the theory of pluralism because pluralists suggest democracy as a utopian idea.
Elite theory opposes pluralism, a tradition that assumes that all individuals, or at least the multitude of social groups, have equal power and balance each other out in contributing to democratic political outcomes representing the emergent, aggregate will of society.
Interest group and elite theories the theory is also called pluralism because there are many groups aninterest group may be defined as an organized body of individuals who share policy goal and try to influence policy, for example the afl cio, the american bankers association, the american medical association, nra, the diabetes. Classical pluralism is the view that politics and decision making are located mostly in the framework of government, but that many non-governmental groups use their resources to exert influence the central question for classical pluralism is how power and influence are distributed in a political process groups of individuals try to maximize their interests.